Industry sectors – We are involved in all of them but what are they?
Industries can be classified in a variety of ways, but most recognised at the top level of industry seems to be the four-sector theory.
- Primary sector of industry (the raw materials industry)
- Secondary sector of industry (manufacturing and construction)
- Tertiary sector of industry (the “service industry”)
- Quaternary sector of industry (intellectual services industry)
Primary jobs involve getting raw materials from the natural environment e.g. Mining, farming and fishing.
Secondary jobs involve making things (manufacturing) e.g. making, production and warehousing.
Tertiary jobs involve providing a service e.g. transportation, teaching and nursing.
Quaternary jobs involve research and development e.g. IT.